Western Hemlock

WESTERN HEMLOCK

Tsuga heterophylla

BARK:

Mature bark is reddish-brown, scaly, thick and furrowed.

LEAVES:

Needles are yellowish green on their upper surface and whitish with 2 thin lines of stomata on their lower surface. They are short, flat and blunt, irregularly spaced and of unequal length: needles on the same twig can be 0.5-2 cm long. They are arranged spirally around twigs, but are twisted at the base so they appear to extend horizontally in two tiers.

CONES:

Pollen cones are small and numerous.

Seed cones are also numerous and approximately 2 cm long and oblong. They are purplish-green when young and become light brown when mature.

TIPS:

Western hemlock are distinguished by their unequal needle length and the feathery, flat appearance of their branches. They have a noticeably drooping leader.

 

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