The bark is greyish-brown. Younger bark is smooth with resin blisters. The bark of older trees becomes ridged and then scaly.
Needles are 2-4 cm, dark green and flat with rounded, notched tips. (However, needles on branches with cones may be pointed.) They have a groove on their upper surfaces and two lines of stomata on their lower surfaces. They are usually arranged in two rows spreading horizontally from the branch so the upper and lower sides of the branches can be seen easily.
Pollen cones are yellowish.
Seed cones are 5-10 cm long, yellowish-green to green, cylindrical shaped and erect. They are usually found higher up in the tree.
Photo: André-Philippe Picard